ERIC Number: ED253543
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Content Specialization and Educational Evaluation: A Necessary Marriage? Paper #14 in Occasional Paper Series.
Worthen, Blaine R.; Sanders, James R.
Should an educational evaluator be trained as a content specialist, an evaluation specialist, or some combination of the two? A content specialist has demonstratable expertise in the field of study being evaluated, but not training in evaluation methods; the evaluation specialist has expertise in evaluation methods but may know little about the subject area being evaluated. The merits of each type of evaluator are analyzed in six areas: (1) the difficulty and uniqueness of the subject content; (2) reference groups and impartiality; (3) the roles and tasks of evaluation; (4) the evaluator's scope of work; (5) implications for evaluator training; and (6) professional status and rewards. It is concluded that evaluation specialists are the best choice to evaluate most educational enterprises. Some attention is given to the problem of how professional evaluators may effectively manage those portions of the evaluation needing the content expertise they do not have. Content specialization plays an important role in educational evaluation, but it is neither necessary nor desirable in the training of educational evaluators. (BS)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Evaluators, Higher Education, Intellectual Disciplines, Professional Training, Specialization
Evaluation Center, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008 ($3.50).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Western Michigan Univ., Kalamazoo. Evaluation Center.