ERIC Number: ED253384
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Los Hispanos: Problemas y Oportunidades. Resumen de la Actual Situacion Demografica, Economica, Social y Politica de los Hispanos en los Estados Unidos y de las Iniciativas Tomadas por la Fundacion Ford Para Hacer Frente a las Necesidades de esta Poblacion en Aumento y Determinar sus Efectos Sobre la Sociedad Estadounidense. Documento de Trabajo de la Fundacion Ford, No. 436.
Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
The Hispanic population's growing impact on American society has caused the Ford Foundation to explore new Foundation initiatives. The 1980 census revealed 14.6 million Hispanics: 60% Mexican American; 14% Puerto Rican; 6% Cuban, and 20% Other. The Hispanic population in the United States is growing and is characterized by diversity; rapid growth attributed to high fertility (birth rates), immigration, and improved census methods; a relatively low median age of 25 years; and a low socioeconomic level based on income, education, and employment considerations. Some 30% of Hispanic families fall below the official poverty level compared to 12% of Non-Hispanic White families; Hispanic unemployment is about 60% higher than that of Whites. Statistics indicate that Hispanics fall between Blacks and Whites in median family income. Hispanics experience a serious gap in educational achievement at all educational levels as compared to Whites. Contributing factors include family socioeconomic background, English language ability, nativity, and the school system itself. The Ford Foundation has expanded its efforts to improve the Hispanic condition by supporting efforts in community and economic development, research and policy analysis, social services, education, leadership development, and philanthropic activity by mainland funders based in Puerto Rico. (NQA)
Descriptors: Cubans, Economic Development, Economic Opportunities, Educational Attainment, Employment Patterns, Hispanic Americans, Mexican Americans, Philanthropic Foundations, Political Influences, Private Financial Support, Puerto Ricans, Social Integration, Socioeconomic Status
Ford Foundation, Office of Reports, 320 East 43rd St., New York NY 10017 (free).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.