ERIC Number: ED253324
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Using Primary Source Materials at Different Development Stages.
Carlson, Helen L.
If used carefully and with appropriate developmental expectations, primary source materials can assist children as they construct knowledge related to change and continuity. A study demonstrating this conclusion observed, videotaped, and photographed children at different stages of development as they played with specific primary source materials related to the theme "technology in the home." Children at the sensorimotor period played with washboards, tubs, and old clothes. Children at the preoperational level played with an old wringer, a copper boiler tub, and replications of a modern washer and dryer. Children at the concrete operational period studied photographs from 1900 to 1920 depicting familiar household chores. At each stage of development, different facts or evidence, conclusions or inferences, and generalizations emerged. Facts and evidence at the sensorimotor period included experiences with wet and dry, bumpy and smooth. Conclusions at this early level of development involved object identity and continuity. At the preoperational period, facts encompassed ideas about how machines worked and about physical characteristics of materials. Children concluded that clothes may be washed in different ways; their generalization stated that people washed clothes differently long ago. Facts at the concrete operational level included statements concerning the physical work required to iron, get water, sweep floors, and sew. Chldren at this level inferred that, although basic household tasks remained the same, completion of tasks in the past required more muscle power. A generalization within the capacity of children at the level of concrete operations would indicate that technology has changed the ways in which household chores are done. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council for the Social Studies (Washington, DC, November 18, 1984).