ERIC Number: ED253311
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in the Socialization of Competence in Preschoolers.
Roberts, William L.
An extension of a project that examined the associations between parental responses to children's emotional upset and children's competence in preschool, this study focuses on gender differences in the socialization of competence. Parents' warmth and responsiveness, firmness and control, and responses to their children's emotional upset were assessed in 30 families. Parent self-reports, observer ratings, home observations, and a projective interview measure were used. In the projective interview, children were asked to finish stories by saying how parents would respond when the story child confronted emotionally stressful events. Children's competence was assessed by administering the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and by having the child's teacher complete Baumrind's Preschool Behavior Q-Sort. In general, gender differences in socialization were outweighed by gender similarities. Mothers and fathers showed no mean differences in measures of warmth, control, or responsiveness to children's emotional upset. Boys and girls were equally cooperative with their parents as well as with their peers and preschool teachers. Two sex-of-child differences emerged: fathers were more firm with their sons, and girls attributed more comforting responses to story parents on the projective measure. Despite the few observed differences in socialization practices, consistent mean differences were found on the outcome measures. Girls were rated as being more socially competent in preschool. (Author/CB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).