ERIC Number: ED253095
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Ethiopia: Country Status Report (Revision).
A survey of the status of language usage in Ethiopia begins with an overview of the distribution of Amharic, the sole official language and medium of elementary instruction, and Tigrinya, Oromo, Wolayto, Somali, Sidamo, Hadiyya, and English, the medium of secondary and higher education instruction. The relationship of language usage patterns to educational reform and political issues is briefly discussed. A matrix follows that rates these languages and vernaculars on: (1) their usage rating using State Department classifications; (2) increase and decrease trends by the year 2000; (3) chief of state use in addressing the populace; (4) use in armed forces, government, court, and diplomatic communications, written and oral; (5) use as a language of instruction or required language in higher education, on the secondary and elementary levels, and in adult education; (6) use in the popular press, radio and television broadcasting, and film; (7) business and professional use, written and oral; (8) use in intellectual circles; (9) the alphabet situation; (10) the status of indigenous literature; (11) use in public signs and notices; and (12) the availability of instructional materials and dictionaries in the native languages for use in English as a second language teaching. Explanatory notes give the number and population percentages using the languages, the type of alphabet used, and specific instructional materials titles. A selected bibliography is also included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Adult Education, African Languages, Amharic, Armed Forces, Bilingualism, Elementary Secondary Education, English, Foreign Countries, Government (Administrative Body), Higher Education, Industry, Language Maintenance, Language of Instruction, Language Role, Language Standardization, Language Usage, Mass Media, Monolingualism, Multilingualism, Official Languages, Public Policy, Somali
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Foreign Service (Dept. of State), Washington, DC. Foreign Service Inst.
Authoring Institution: Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Language/Area Reference Center.
Identifiers - Location: Ethiopia