ERIC Number: ED252784
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Memory Retrieval, Explanation and Predictive Accuracy in Personality Judgment.
Oresick, Robert J.
Accuracy of personality judgment has been found to be a source of individual differences in memory organization. In order to understand the cognitive process mediating memory organization, accuracy in intuitive personality judgments was assessed in 18 female nurses by the "programmed case" method. This task casts an actual life history into a series of episodes, with several alternative endings. The participants were asked to choose the correct one, based on their knowledge of the case to that point, and to explain their choices in writing, after 4 of the 21 episodes. One week later they were asked to write out as much as they could remember of the life history. Subjects were ranked by their use of distant retrieval and divided equally into high, average, and low accuracy groups; their explanations were then coded for their use of certain categories of information. The results showed that accuracy in personality judgment was related to the use of a distant retrieval strategy, and to the explanations given for those judgments. The use of motives, especially in context was related to accuracy. The use of global traits in isolation was not as successful as using information about social roles, relationships, and emotional reactions to infer motives in each particular situation. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).