ERIC Number: ED252777
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Behavior Management Style of Single Parents and Intact Families.
Smith, Douglas K.; And Others
Studies examining the behavior management styles of parents as a function of family intactness and parent employment status are lacking. To assess parental style of behavior management, the Parental Management Questionnaire (PMQ) was completed by 1,957 parents of elementary school children (50% response rate). The PMQ is based on Aronfreed's (1968) model of parental socialization, and assesses style of socialization through the use of forced-choice items. Each item is composed of a behavioral situation and two alternatives for resolving the situation: a sensitizing approach, which aims at stopping certain behaviors by emphasizing fear of external punishment; and an inductive approach, which places emphasis on the child's development of internal control. Results indicated that single parents selected more inductive responses than parents in intact families, and mothers selected more inductive responses than fathers. Single parents with a high school education or less selected significantly fewer inductive responses than single parents with a college background. In intact families, inductive responese were selected more often by mothers and by parents with higher levels of education. There were no differences in parenting style as a function of parental employment. (Author/LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Wisconsin Univ., River Falls.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association of School Psychologists (16th, Philadelphia, PA, April 18-21, 1984).