ERIC Number: ED252770
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Women Prisoners: Reintegration into Family and Community.
Banks, Martha E.; Ackerman, Rosalie J.
Little research exists that addresses the issue of rehabilitation of women prisoners. To examine the effectiveness of a group psychotherapy program in assisting women prisoners to make the transition to the community and their families, 16 institutionalized women participated in a workshop. The program involved both individual and group participation, and concentrated on developing socially appropriate coping skills, learning about community resources, and developing a perspective on family and community roles. The women completed pre- and post-test measures of coping skills. Outcome data indicated that these prisoners understood the efficacy of moving away from self-centered, self-relient activities which harmed their coping; they also decreased the frequency of avoidant behaviors which they used to immediately reduce tension. Participants began to delay gratification and consider the use of social supports to develop more effective coping skills. In follow-up inquiries 18 months after the training, these women had a recidivism rate of 9 percent, a drop of one-third compared to the overall prison population. These findings suggest that families of returning women prisoners and the prisoners themselves might be psychosocially strengthened with therapeutic and educational training. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).