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ERIC Number: ED252613
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
Discipline and Young Adolescents. Issues in Middle-Grade Education, Research & Resources, Summer 1984.
Lipsitz, Joan; And Others
Recent research on questions relating to discipline and students at the middle-grade level offers new ideas on student needs, school environments, and disciplining techniques. A review of the literature yields the following related points: (1) while the early adolescent years are particularly vulnerable to disruption, schools can create cooperative environments in which adults and students live, work, and learn together in harmony; (2) schools that are successful in providing a healthy climate recognize and provide for the rapidity and irregularity of early adolescent change; (3) discipline in itself is not a goal; rather, it is achieved via several academic, organizational, and interpersonal goals; (4) this indirect, holistic approach to school discipline yields better behavior than direct discipline (which involves adults imposing penalties on students to encourage their conformity with school norms); (5) frequent punishment is an ineffective means of achieving good discipline, and corporal punishment is both ineffective and counterproductive; and (6) one significant study suggested that, although school order must be maintained, schools should not try to eliminate all discipline problems as student misbehavior can represent a healthy response to real problems within the educational system. Following the narrative, a list of resources for middle-grade teachers and school administrators is provided. (KH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Center for Early Adolescence.