ERIC Number: ED252590
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Merit Pay for Teachers: What Experience Has Taught Others.
Austin Independent School District, TX. Office of Research and Evaluation.
Public opinion polls show that most Americans (including a majority of teachers) favor merit pay for teachers. Teachers' and administrators' organizations generally oppose merit pay because there is no fair way to evaluate teachers and because the merit pay issue diverts attention from the fact that all teachers are underpaid. A review of recent literature and of successful merit pay programs revealed the following widely shared beliefs and general conclusions: (1) merit awards should be added to, not substituted for, reasonable increases based on seniority, academic credit, cost-of-living, etc.; (2) most merit pay programs that fail (and most do) do so because the evaluation procedures and/or instruments are inadequate; and (3) if a merit pay plan is adopted, it must be adequately financed. The awards must be large enough to be a real incentive, and must be available to all teachers who meet predetermined criteria. Incentive pay plans, which do not presume to judge the quality of teachers but provide more pay for more work or for filling assignments deemed to be of greater importance to the district, avoid the problem of valid evaluation and may be easier to implement than merit pay. (Author/BW)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Incentives, Merit Pay, Premium Pay, Public Opinion, School District Spending, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Evaluation, Unions, Validity
Office of Research and Evaluation, AISD, 6100 Guadalupe, Box 79, Austin, TX 78752 ($1.00 plus $1.00 postage).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Austin Independent School District, TX. Office of Research and Evaluation.