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ERIC Number: ED252178
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Pages: 80
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Individualized Instruction: A Review of Audio-Tutorial Instruction, Guided Design, the Personalized System of Instruction, and Individualized Lecture Classes.
Couch, Richard W.
Four methods of individualized instruction are described and introduced, and their similarities and differences are reviewed in terms of effectiveness, grading, lectures, mastery, pacing, theoretical base, and unit size. The methods described are (1) audio-tutorial, developed by S. N. Postlethwait, an instructional system that allows students to use a study carrel and proceed at their own pace using a variety of educational devices; (2) guided design, developed by Charles E. Wales and Robert Stager to teach problem-solving skills in undergraduate engineering courses, an approach that relates objectives to specific activities through single-answer and open-ended problems; (3) a personalized system of instruction, developed by Fred S. Keller, J. G. Sherman, Rodolfo Azzi, and Carolina Martuscelli Bori to teach psychology, a method that used a teaching system based on operant psychology; and (4) individualized lecture classes, initially originated at Western Michigan University by Jack Michael, which typically include study objectives, unit assignments, frequent quizzing, scheduled lectures and quizzes, and some remediation procedures. A comparative matrix, 13 reference notes, and an 8-page reference list are included. (LMM)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A