ERIC Number: ED251794
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
A Cyclical Plan for Using Study Strategies.
Hayes, David A.; Alvermann, Donna E.
Forum for Reading, v15 n2 p47-52 Spr-Sum 1984
A cyclical plan for studying that takes into account information processing strategies and their effective management by students consists of (1) specifying study purposes, (2) previewing the materials, (3) proceeding through the task incrementally, and (4) connecting the content to be learned to other knowledge about the material studied. Setting effective study goals requires that the student know the reasons for undertaking a particular study task and set objectives to be reached when it is completed. In previewing, the student skims the text and actively searches for clues to accomplish the goal of the study activity. On the basis of the preview, the student can mentally segment the text into components smaller than the sections marked by headings or subheadings, and then deal with the text in parts small enough to recite content relevant to the study task. As the student proceeds through the text, interim review of text segments studied helps pull the material together and fosters a growing sense of the significance of the content. The purpose of global review is to bring closure to the study of a text in a way that will render it memorable and useful for further study. The final consideration in the cyclical framework is preparing for a unit test, at which point students augment their notes with information gained from supplementary materials. (HOD)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: "Forum for Reading" is the journal of the College Reading Improvement Special Interest Group of the International Reading Association.