ERIC Number: ED251733
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Recall from Semantic and Episodic Memory.
Gillund, Gary; Perlmutter, Marion
Although research in episodic recall memory, comparing younger and older adults, favors the younger adults, findings in semantic memory research are less consistent. To examine age differences in semantic and episodic memory recall, 72 young adults (mean age, 20.8) and 72 older adults (mean age 71) completed three memory tests under varied conditions: recall only, present all-recall all, and present half-recall half. The tests involved recalling the states in the United States, the countries in Africa, and the countries in Europe and South America. Subjects also completed a shortened version of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) vocabulary subtest. A preliminary analysis of the results revealed no significant age differences. When the groups were categorized by WAIS performance and recall condition, verbal ability, not age, was found to be a good predictor of semantic memory performance. On the episodic task, neither age nor verbal ability were good predictors of recall from episodic memory. Further research with matched groups is needed to substantiate these findings. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Center for Research in Human Learning.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the symposium "Individual Differences in Adult Memory Research" at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).