ERIC Number: ED251629
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Getting a Job--What Skills Are Needed? Research Brief.
Murphy, Carol; Jenks, Lynn
Far West Laboratory conducted a series of interviews with employers to identify the characteristics of a successful applicant for entry-level professional employment. The job opportunities investigated were possible avenues of employment for college graduates in general studies fields, and did not include those requiring specialized degrees or courses of study. The employer sample of 48 persons represented the six largest employment areas in the San Francisco Bay Area (service, transportation, communication and utilities, finance and insurance, government, retail, and manufacturing) and included large and small companies and private and nonprofit organizations. The employers recommended that students get a "practical" minor such as business or computing, develop transferable skills, develop job-search skills, and get experience, possibly through internships, cooperative work programs, or volunteer work. Employers stressed that students need both functional and adaptive skills for entry-level employment. In the area of functional skills, they stressed communication and persuasion, organizational management, research and investigation, human service, information management, and design and planning. Adaptive skills cited as important by employers were in the areas of aptitude, attitude, self-management, and work habits. Good verbal and written communication skills were often cited by employers as important qualities that many job applicants lack. College faculty who were shown the survey results responded that many of the skills desired by employers are already being taught in liberal arts courses, but that perhaps they could be made more specific and employment related. The professors saw no need to change the curriculum but thought that necessary skills could be incorporated with a change of attitude. (KC)
Descriptors: College Graduates, Communication Skills, Education Work Relationship, Educational Needs, Employer Attitudes, Employment Potential, Entry Workers, General Education, Higher Education, Job Application, Job Search Methods, Job Skills, Liberal Arts, Majors (Students), Professional Occupations, Verbal Ability
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.
Note: Printed on colored paper.