ERIC Number: ED251228
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Fostering Communicative Competence in Young Children.
Katz, Lilian G.
Four research-based principles offer guidance to educators aiming to facilitate young children's acquisition of communicative competence. These principles concern the effect of interaction on the development of competence; the necessity for content in interaction; the requirement that content be ecologically valid to participants; and the impact of reciprocity in interaction on interpersonal as well as communicative competence. Educational practices likely to help children develop competence involve the availability of opportunities for interaction; involvement of children in long-term projects; participation of children in mixed-age and mixed-competence groups; using the technique of "reflection" to let children know that their feelings are accepted and to encourage children to make their understandings and misunderstandings explicit; the teacher's role in modeling language use; opportunities for children to talk with other children about many subjects; and talking to children in a serious, authentic, non-artificial way. Practices likely to inhibit the development of competence include teacher-directed large-group instruction; premature formal whole-group instruction; bias in student/teacher interaction; overuse of interrogation as a teaching technique; allowing judgments of children's competence to influence response time allocated to children; focusing on language as an object of primary concern; and bribing reluctant children to speak. Improving educational practice is likely to require giving attention to: (1) teachers' comprehension of communicative competence; (2) detrimental customs and traditions in educational practice; and (3) institutional constraints on instruction. (RH)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Classroom Techniques, Communication (Thought Transfer), Competence, Early Childhood Education, Educational Change, Educational Practices, Educational Principles, Interpersonal Competence, Language Acquisition, Learning Activities, Peer Relationship, Teacher Role, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Methods, Young Children
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A