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ERIC Number: ED250983
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov-5
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Personal Application of Learning Theory to the Design of Computer Assisted Instruction in Higher Education.
Dixon, Terry
The application of behavioral and cognitive learning theories to the design of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) at the college level is discussed. A model of instructional design and the unique qualities of computers are also briefly reviewed. The general model of instruction, which is used for designing a curriculum, has five major components: objectives, pre-assessment, instruction, evaluation, and feedback. When planning CAI it is necessary to determine what outcome should occur from instruction. Once objectives and items for pre-assessment have been determined, method of presentation must be determined. CAI is broken down into four major types of presentations: drill and practice, tutorial, simulation, and problem solving. The method of design includes content development, presentation development, frame design, response assessment, feedback/reinforcement development, and post-assessment. Content development concerns the selection and "story line" of the information presented in the CAI, while presentation development involves the design of strategy for presenting the content effectively. The contributions of various learning theorists to the various phases of CAI design are considered, with attention to theories of Hull and Thorndike, Skinner, Pavlov, Guthrie, Piaget, Estes, Bandura, and Gestalt theory. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A