ERIC Number: ED250840
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Vision Assessment and Program Manual for Severely Handicapped and/or Deaf-Blind Students. Bay Area Severely Handicapped Deaf Blind Project.
Sailor, Wayne; And Others
Intended for teachers of deaf-blind and severely handicapped students as well as for resource or itinerant teachers in the area of vision who have recently begun to serve low functioning students, the manual provides information on vision and on vision assessment. The manual serves three functions. It: (1) prepares teachers for participation in interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary teams; (2) provides visual efficiency assessment procedures, and (3) provides guidelines for instructional procedures used to establish functional vision use in the classroom. Following a review of the structure and function of the eye, general assessment considerations are examined: gross measures of vision, ocular coordination, peripheral vision, tracking and gaze shift, and refractive errors and acuity measures. A decision model is then presented to chart the progression of the vision assessment. A final section presents guidelines for functional vision programming based on application of operant principles in the context of data based instruction. Six specific steps are outlined: (1) selecting vision objectives, (2) selecting a paired skill, (3) defining critical visual moments, (4) teaching strategies and error correction procedures, (5) teaching the paired skill, and (6) monitoring data. Data sheets are appended along with a discussion of medications and their effects on vision. (CL)
Descriptors: Deaf Blind, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Eyes, Screening Tests, Severe Disabilities, Vision Tests, Visual Acuity
San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Ave., San Francisco, CA 94132 (free while supply lasts).
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: San Francisco State Univ., CA. Dept. of Special Education.
Note: See ED 227 611 for Auditory Manual and EC 170 875 for Final Report.