ERIC Number: ED250780
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Inside-Out and Outside-In: Configurations of Assistance and Their Impact on School Improvement Efforts. A Study of Dissemination Efforts Supporting School Improvement.
Cox, Pat L.
The Dissemination Efforts Supporting School Improvement (DESSI) study examined the adoption or development and implementation in 146 schools in 10 states of 61 practices that were part of 4 federal or state programs. Local schools in the study sample were asked to identify those individuals (facilitators) who had helped them with a particular new practice. Based on data collected from 96 external and 78 local facilitators, this paper describes the distribution of facilitators by program and by site; looks at the general patterns of facilitator assistance; examines the activities included and emphasized in the assistance given by facilitators; and discusses the variation in certain outcome variables when different assistance configurations are present. Findings show that the sheer presence of facilitators in local sites attempting change is striking: of 146 local schools in the study sample, only 17 did not nominate either an external or a local facilitator. Assistance given by facilitators formed nine clusters of activity: (1) initiation/awareness, (2) support of teachers, (3) administrator adoption preparation, (4) teacher adoption preparation, (5) materials, (6) implementation specifics, (7) evaluation, (8) continuation/diffusion, and (9) allocating financial resources. Accompanying the text are 14 data tables. (MLF)
Descriptors: Adoption (Ideas), Consultants, Diffusion (Communication), Educational Improvement, Educational Innovation, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Factor Analysis, Information Dissemination, Instructional Improvement, Linking Agents, Occupational Information, Program Implementation, Tables (Data), Validated Programs
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Budget, and Evaluation.
Authoring Institution: Network of Innovative Schools, Inc., Andover, MA.