ERIC Number: ED250638
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Abusive Relationships: A Comparison of Battered and Exbattered Women.
Mahaffey, Martha Bernal
Spouse abuse research has indicated that marital violence occurs in all age groups, among all races, and in all levels of education and social class. To provide further information by comparing battered and exbattered women, 18 battered and 14 exbattered women completed a questionnaire about themselves and their assailants. Information was collected on sociodemographics, relationships, intergenerational violence patterns, and substance abuse history. In addition, the Levenson Internal, Powerful Others, and Chance locus of control scales were administered to the women. An analysis of the results showed that four variables differentiated battered women from exbattered women: (1) battered women, more than exbattered women, had more education than their abusers; (2) battered women had fewer children than exbattered women; (3) battered women had been punished physically less frequently as children than exbattered women; and (4) battered women more often reported a relationship between their alcohol use and physical abuse than did exbattered women. Battered women perceived events as determined by powerful others or chance. Exbattered women were able to regain some sense of control and attribute events to internal factors. These differences may account for the resistance of battered women to leave their abusers, and the ability of exbattered women to terminate their potentially destructive relationships. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association (Las Vegas, NV, April 25-28, 1984).