ERIC Number: ED250601
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Sex and Achievement Domain: Cognitive Patterns of Success and Failure.
Travis, Cheryl Brown; And Others
Recent research in achievement has focused on sex differences found in locus of standards, conceptual focus, and expectations for success. To examine the nature of sex differences and their relationship to achievement domains, 439 college students (197 females, 242 males) were asked to write an account of an achievement or failure. They then responded to statements on locus of standards (internal, external), the process or impact focus of their conceptual orientations, and their initial expectations for success (or failure). An analysis of the results revealed significant main effects for domain on both success and failure outcomes. Further, a strong sex difference in initial expectations preceeding failure events was found, with men holding consistently high expectations regardless of achievement domain. Interaction effects of sex and achievement domain observed on locus of standards for success, and initial expectations preceeding failure indicated that women were more responsive to domain differences than were men. Cognitive responses were more readily classified by the nature of the achievement domain than by sex. These findings suggest that elaboration and incorporation of the concept of domain should be included in cognitive models of achievement. (Author/BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (30th, New Orleans, LA, March 28-31, 1984).