ERIC Number: ED250533
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The Concept of Educational Need: An Economic Interpretation.
Soofi, Abdollah S.
Monette divides the definitions of needs into four categories. Basic needs are caused by a deficiency and lead to gratification-seeking behavior. Felt needs are self-defined wants or desires which, when expressed, suggest an unmet need and a means of gratification or imply ultimate goals. A normative need refers to a deficiency between the present state of affairs and some criterion. Comparative needs arise when an individual or group is not receiving a service others in a similar situation are receiving. Different types of needs have been identified, including motivational and prescriptive, felt and expressed, and subjective and objective. Scissons proposes a typology of educational need based on three need components (reliance, competence, and motivation) and two categories (wants and complex needs). Methods of assessing educational needs include Tuomisto's social demand method, investment in educational method, and manpower method and McKinley's individual self-fulfillment models and system discrepancy models. Adult educators generally use the terms "need" and "demand" synonymously, but the existence of an educational "need" may not necessarily imply the existence of "demand" for education. Neoclassical theory of consumer behavior can be used to show that demand for continuing education arises when the student participates in the continuing education program. (YLB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Wisconsin Univ., Madison, Univ. Extension.
Authoring Institution: N/A