ERIC Number: ED250417
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: N/A
Church-State Separation: Recent Trends and Developments.
Sinensky, Jeffery P.; Kahn, Jill L.
ADL Law Report, v6 n3 p1-30 Fall 1984
This report analyzes recent cases and legislation in the area of church-state separation. A brief introduction asserts that the Supreme Court's method of evaluating establishment clause controversies is undergoing pervasive changes that have permitted incursions on establishment principles. The rest of the paper, providing support for this interpretation, discusses particular developments within these areas of concern: (1) religious practices in public schools (prayer, student religion clubs, and curriculum); (2) government aid to parochial schools; (3) display of religious symbols on public property; (4) religious discrimination and accomodation (religious discrimination in the military and in public schools, sabbath observer rights, and the Arab boycott of Israel); and (5) public sponsorship of religion (tax exemption for racially discriminatory private schools, church veto power over liquor licenses, and state-employed legislative chaplains). A conclusion argues that government's aid to and sponsorship of religious activities is proliferating. The free exercise clause, it is asserted, does not alter government's obligation to treat all religions neutrally. Rather, it mandates only government respect for each individual's religious beliefs. (KH)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: B'nai B'rith, New York, NY. Anti-Defamation League.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Establishment Clause