ERIC Number: ED249981
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Learning Skills and Instruction. Skills Essential to Learning Television Project: Working Paper.
Cunningham, Donald J.
This working paper, which reviews the experimental literature on learning skills to provide background information to the staff of the Skills Essential to Learning Television Project (a multi-level series of video and print resources for classroom use), covers four areas: study skills, instructional development and design, cognitive psychology, and adjunct aids. The focus is on the processes that learners bring with them into instructional settings. A summary of research related to adjunct aids is presented in a table covering advanced organizers, typographical cues, directions, objectives, quizzes, interspersed questions, interspersed directions, and directions to draw pictures. The following possible dimensions for adjunct aids are also displayed in a table: verbal versus nonverbal, active response versus no active response, location (pre-instructional, interspersed, or post-instructional), concrete versus abstract, thematic versus formal, and factual versus higher order memory. A set of general recommendations based on the literature review is offered. Thirty-nine references are listed (LMM)
Descriptors: Advance Organizers, Concept Formation, Design Requirements, Instructional Design, Instructional Materials, Learning Processes, Memory, Objectives, Research, Study Skills, Teaching Methods, Testing
Agency for Instructional Technology, Box A, Bloomington, IN 47402 ($2.50 per copy).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Agency for Instructional Television, Bloomington, IN.