ERIC Number: ED249979
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Feb
Cognition in Fifth and Sixth Grade Children. Skills Essential to Learning Television Project: Working Paper.
Garrett, Candace; Marshall, Patricia M.
This paper deals with the primary processes of cognition in fifth- and sixth-grade children; i.e., how children this age interpret what they see and hear, how they remember it, and how they reason and solve problems. Designed to provide background information for the staff of the Skills Essential to Learning Television Project (a multi-level series of video and print resources for classroom use), the paper begins with an extensive review of cognitive development as theorized by Piaget and Bruner, and qualitative changes in the ways that older elementary school children actually respond to cognitive tasks. A discussion of cognitive skills examines Gagne's logical, analytical approach to teaching the skills. A look at the acquisition of verbal information includes methods of organizing written materials to maximize retention of the information. Research on Ausubel's "advance organizers" is presented along with other research on the meaningful coding of names and labels and the use of imagery. An examination of cognitive strategies and divergent thinking specifically reviews the research concerning problem solving with fourth- and fifth-grade children. A summary and examination of the study implications are included. Seventeen references are listed. (LMM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Design Requirements, Instructional Design, Intellectual Development, Intermediate Grades, Preadolescents, Research, Skill Development, Teaching Methods, Verbal Learning
Agency for Instructional Technology, Box A, Bloomington, IN 47402 ($2.50 per copy).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Agency for Instructional Television, Bloomington, IN.