ERIC Number: ED249625
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Cooperative Small-Group Learning.
Johnson, David W.; Johnson, Roger T.
Curriculum Report, v14 n1 Oct 1984
In cooperative learning, as opposed to competitive and individualistic learning, students work together to accomplish shared goals. It is the most important of the three types of learning, but least used. Research indicates students will learn more, like school better, like each other better, and learn more effective social skills when cooperative learning is used. It is not simply a matter of putting students into groups to learn, but involves positive interdependence, face-to-face interaction, individual accountability, and appropriate use of interpersonal and small group skills. Among strategies necessary to implement cooperative learning are: clearly specifying lesson objectives; making plans about the cooperative learning group; explaining the academic task and cooperative goal structure to the students; monitoring effectiveness and providing assistance with interpersonal and group skills; and evaluating student achievement and helping them assess how well they collaborated with each other. The principal's role includes structuring and managing a support system for teachers, with teachers providing the basic support for each other. The report describes procedures that sample school districts followed in implementing cooperative learning, and gives the address of the Cooperative Learning Center, a resource for information. (DCS)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Classroom Techniques, Cooperation, Elementary Secondary Education, Group Activities, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Individual Development, Learning, Learning Activities, Learning Strategies, Program Implementation, Skill Development
Publications Sales, National Association of Secondary School Principals, 1904 Association Drive, Reston, VA 22091 ($1.00 prepaid; quantity discounts).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.