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ERIC Number: ED249260
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Test Anxiety: Cognitive Interference or Inadequate Preparation?
Tobias, Sigmund
This paper reviews the differences between two interpretations accounting for the poor test performance of high anxious students: (1) that anxiety interferes with retrieval of prior learning; or (2) that, due to study skills deficits, the initial acquisition by anxious students is less thorough than by those lower in anxiety. Research results dealing with both hypotheses are reviewed. It is concluded that these are complementary, rather than mutually exclusive, formulations. A hypothesis is advanced predicting that test anxiety debilitates performance by reducing the cognitive capacity available for task solution, and that study skills facilitate learning by reducing the cognitive capacity demanded by different tasks. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Alexandria, VA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (68th, New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).