ERIC Number: ED249007
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Changing Roles for the Anthropologist: Current Work among Native Americans in North America.
Quick, Polly McW.
The position of the anthropologist working in North America with Native Americans today differs from that of most anthropologists working with Native Americans a few decades ago, regardless of the topic of study. This affects the kind of anthropological research undertaken, the way in which the work is done, and the results. These consequences, in turn, raise new problems but also have new effects which may benefit anthropology, as well as the people among whom anthropologists are working. There appear to be reasons both external and internal to anthropology which have contributed to the anthropologist's changing position among Native Americans. External factors include legislation and an increase in the political power of Native Americans. A major internal factor is the anthropologists' new awareness of their identification with a superordinate power imposed on native peoples from the outside. The result has been a change of direction and today the focus of anthropological activity among Native Americans is directly related to explicit Native American concerns. The anthropologists' employer has also changed and many now work directly for Native American groups or public agencies responsible to Native Americans. Other changes are: a shift in time perspective from reconstruction of the mythical ethnographic present to studies of the present-day situation; and greater participation of Native Americans in anthropological work. (ERB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Expanded version of a paper entitled "Changing Roles for the Anthropologist: Current Studies of Native American Religious Issues," presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association (81st, Washington, DC, December 3-7, 1982).