ERIC Number: ED248989
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of the Head Start Program on Children's Cognitive Development. Preliminary Report. Head Start Evaluation, Synthesis and Utilization Project.
Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.
The purpose of this review of selected literature is to further extend knowledge about the effects of Head Start on cognitive development. From a comprehensive collection of over 1,400 documents concerning Head Start, 71 studies were selected for review and coded to permit a meta-analytic, quantitative analysis of findings. The coding system recorded a statistical estimate of effect size, which was an outcome measure based on a comparison of the cognitive performance of two groups. The 71 studies yielded 148 comparisons and 449 effect sizes. For each effect size, the characteristics of the Head Start experience for each group investigated and the characteristics of the children in each group were coded. Additional information was also recorded on the design of the selected studies and on the measurement of the cognitive domain. After an overview of the report provided in chapter I, chapter II briefly discusses the review in terms of cognitive development and the methodological and analytical procedures employed. Chapter III (1) specifies the kinds of cognitive gains made by children participating in Head Start; (2) discusses the program in terms of duration, classroom composition, staff training, the special parent program, curriculum, and the program operator; and (3) describes demographic characteristics of children served by Head Start, with specific attention being given to maternal education, single-parent families, family size, IQ at enrollment, effects of minority participation, and age at enrollment. Related materials are appended. (RH)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Early Childhood Education, Individual Characteristics, Meta Analysis, Outcomes of Education, Preschool Children, Program Effectiveness
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (Stock No. 017-092-00094-4, $5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.