ERIC Number: ED248870
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: 0
Videotex in Middle School: Accommodating Computers and Printouts in Learning Information Processing Skills.
Eastman, Susan Tyler
In a study designed to see how students accommodated a new technology, 27 eighth graders used a microcomputer in a middle school science class to access a commercial videotex service containing an electronic encyclopedia as part of an assignment to write a theme. Field observations of computer use and student interviews were used to collect data. Although the students exhibited the usual motivations for learning, such as grades and pleasing the teacher, they accounted for their expressed preference for computers over books by claiming that computers were easier to use, despite clear evidence to the contrary. This rationale lay over a stereotypical vision of personal futures requiring knowledge of computers which motivated them to learn to use computers. Results also showed the greater salience of information obtained from electronic sources than print sources. The students assigned four functions within the school academic and social context to the hard copies of their electronic information--including achievement, reference, content, and interpersonal uses--and valued printouts especially for their portability and alterability. Overall, the students accommodated computers and videotex within their school context but assigned the new technology greater value than traditional learning media. (Author/LMM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the International Communication Association (San Francisco, CA, May 1984).