ERIC Number: ED248700
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Tanzania: Country Status Report.
A survey of the status of language usage in Tanzania begins with an overview of the three levels of language use: (1) Swahili, the national and official language, used in public life; (2) English, used in international affairs and in technical and intellectual matters; and (3) the over 120 vernacular languages used in family and religious life, including Sukuma, Makonde, Chaga, Haya, Nyamwezi, Ha, Hehe, Gogo, and Nyakusa. Attention is given to Tanzania's role as a pioneer in establishing an indigenous rather than a colonial language as its official language, and language policy following from that point is examined. A matrix follows that rates these languages and vernaculars on: (1) their usage rating using State Department classifications; (2) increase and decrease trends by the year 2000; (3) chief of state use in addressing the populace; (4) use in armed forces, government, court, and diplomatic communications, written and oral; (5) use as a language of instruction or required language in higher education, on the secondary and elementary levels, and in adult education; (6) use in the popular press, radio and television broadcasting, and film; (7) business and professional use, written and oral; (8) use in intellectual circles; (9) the alphabet situation; (10) the status of indigenous literature; (11) use in public signs and notices; and (12) the availability of instructional materials and dictionaries in the native languages for use in English as a second language. Explanatory notes give the number and population percentages using the languages, the type of alphabet used, and specific instructional materials titles. A selected bibliography is also included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Adult Education, African Languages, Armed Forces, Bilingualism, Elementary Secondary Education, English, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Industry, Language Maintenance, Language of Instruction, Language Role, Language Standardization, Language Usage, Literacy Education, Mass Media, Monolingualism, Multilingualism, Official Languages, Public Policy, Swahili
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Language/Area Reference Center.
Identifiers - Location: Tanzania