ERIC Number: ED248605
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Sep
Working Knowledge and Other Essays.
Kennedy, Mary M.
Qualitive data from interviews with individuals and observations of group meetings were gathered from 16 school districts that participated in a study of school district uses of evaluation and test data. The findings are organized around a series of discrete topics presented in a set of independent papers. The title essay, "Working Knowledge," offers a brief note on how illustrative quotes were selected for presentation, elaborates on the concept of working knowledge, and discusses the interaction between working knowledge and evidence. "Evidence and Thought" reviews 7 examples of collective conceptual uses of evidence selected from a pool of 43 episodes. "Evidence and Decision" reviews the details of 14 decisions that involved evidence that at least some participants claimed was instructive to the decision. "Evidence and Management" provides an evalation of management strategies loosely grouped at four points along a continuum according to the amount of emphasis they placed on tests. "The Role of the In-House Evaluator" describes the roles that evaluation units had adopted and how these roles fit into their organizations. Each paper is followed by references. The appendixes contain sampling and data collection procedures; profiles of the 16 school districts; and an analysis of claims about the use of evidence. (MLF)
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Content Analysis, Decision Making, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Utilization, Evaluators, Interviews, Organizational Communication, Organizational Theories, Problem Solving, School Administration, Social Science Research, Teacher Administrator Relationship, Teacher Evaluation, Test Interpretation
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Administrators; Policymakers; Practitioners
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Huron Inst., Cambridge, MA.