ERIC Number: ED248568
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jan-26
Reference Count: 0
Television as an Instrument in the Informal Education of Preschool Children: An Analysis of National Options.
Gaddy, Gary D.; Biocca, Frank A.
There are a number of ways that government policy might increase the educational benefits that preschool children receive from television. These include (1) direct government funding of educationally oriented broadcasts; (2) strengthened Federal Communication Commission rules mandating more educationally oriented television; (3) a national center for children and television; (4) tax incentives for research, development, and production of educational broadcasts; and (5) continuation of the status quo. Each of these policies was judged by several criteria, including efficiency in promoting education, the equity in distributing costs and benefits, and the degree to which each satisfies individual preferences. The resulting data, along with data gathered from existing research and from a survey of 119 people involved with children and television, suggested that the present arrangement in broadcasting for preschool children is unsatisfactory and ineffective. However, alternatives to the status quo, including direct funding and tax credits and, to a lesser degree, a center for children and television, showed promise of effectively promoting educational benefits through television. Tax credits, rulemaking, and--to a lesser degree--the center and direct funding options appeared the most equitable of the options, while direct fundings and tax credits appeared best in satisfying preferences. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (34th, San Francisco, CA, May 24-28, 1984).