ERIC Number: ED248506
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
How Commitment to a Task Stimulates Critical Thinking Processes.
Using data from a study that examined the writing of basic skills and regular college freshman students on three separate tasks, this paper discusses the effect that translating a generalized task into one that engages personal commitment by the writer has on the cognitive strategies employed to respond to that task. After a discussion of the cognitive model used to analyze the student papers--which was developed by A. Wilkerson and his associates and which reflects movement from concrete to abstract reasoning processes--the paper reviews several changes that occurred in their papers as students responded to the different writing tasks and transformed them from generalized tasks into meaningful ones. The major portion of the paper examines the responses of one student in order to illustrate each of the changes that occurred. The paper concludes that multiple texts must be considered in order to evaluate accurately a student's writing ability and performance, and that a writer must be strongly urged to create a meaningful task from a generalized one if he or she is going to exercise increasingly complex cognitive strategies. (FL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (35th, New York, NY, March 29-31, 1984).