ERIC Number: ED248001
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Dec
Improving the Learning and Attitudes of Elementary Students: A Nutrition Intervention.
Furman, Duane E.; Noli, Pamala M.
This study investigated the attitudes, behavior, and mathematics achievement of 200 second- through fifth-grade children who received a midmorning snack of nuts and raisins. It was hypothesized that a nutritious snack would counter low blood sugar in children who consumed a high-sugar breakfast or had no breakfast at all. Experimental subjects were randomly chosen from 2,000 students who received a snack and were compared with 200 randomly chosen controls who did not. In October and May, experimental and control groups were rated by their teachers on their classroom behavior and were administered the California Test of Basic Skills for Mathematics and the U.C.L.A. Test of Student Attitude. The experimental group showed more growth in mathematics scores over the year and somewhat less distracted and disruptive behavior, but these results were not statistically significant. However, the difference between experimental and control groups on the attitude scale was statistically significant for second and third graders. An unexpected finding was that attitudes were less positive at the end of the year for both groups of fourth through sixth graders. It was concluded that nutritious snacks were worthwhile minor intervention that used no instructional time. (CB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Madera Unified School District, CA.