ERIC Number: ED247779
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Higher Education in the United States.
Doucette, Donald S.
Issues concerning higher education in the United States are considered, with attention to historical developments; functions and objectives; types of institutions and degrees; internal and external organization; finance; admissions, access, and financial assistance; student and faculty characteristics; distance and recurrent education; international education; and future prospects. It is noted that the U.S. system of higher education engages in three main functions: teaching, research, and public service. Differences among research universities, doctoral-granting universities, and liberal arts colleges are identified, based on the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. Topics discussed include the following: the dynamics of the internal governance of colleges, including the formal and functional authority relationships; the context within which the internal governance structure is embedded; the external control of institutions by individual boards of control and statewide coordinating agencies and governing boards; the role of the Federal Government in higher education; financial support by state governments of public higher education; federal financial aid for students, research, and facilities construction; and open, selective, and competitive admissions. Appendices include a list of U.S. higher education associations and data on: enrollments, degrees, school funds, student financial aid, student goals, and student majors. (SW)
Descriptors: College Administration, College Admission, College Role, Degrees (Academic), Educational Finance, Enrollment Trends, Financial Support, Governance, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, School Organization, Student Financial Aid
European Centre for Higher Education, United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, 39 Stirbei Voda, Bucharest, Romania.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bucharest (Romania). European Centre for Higher Education.
Identifiers - Location: United States