ERIC Number: ED247775
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Zimbabwe: Country Status Report.
Bruhn, Thea C.
A survey of the status of language usage in Zimbabwe begins with an overview of the use patterns of English, Shona, and Ndebele, focusing on communication between ethnic and language groups, the decline in native English speakers and increase in English usage, political issues, educational requirements for languages, illiteracy, and the media. A matrix follows that rates all of these languages on: (1) their usage rating using State Department classifications; (2) increase and decrease trends by the year 2000; (3) chief of state use in addressing the populace; (4) use in armed forces, government, court, and diplomatic communications, written and oral; (5) use as a language of instruction or required language in higher education, on the secondary and elementary levels, and in adult education; (6) use in the popular press, radio and television broadcasting, and film; (7) business and professional use, written and oral; (8) use in intellectual circles; (9) the alphabet situation; (10) their status in literature; (11) use in public signs and notices; and (12) the availability of instructional materials and dictionaries for use by English speakers. Explanatory notes give the number and population percentages using the languages, the type of alphabets used, and specific instructional material titles. A selected bibliography is also included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Adult Education, African Languages, Armed Forces, Bilingualism, Elementary Secondary Education, English, Ethnic Groups, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Illiteracy, Industry, Language Maintenance, Language of Instruction, Language Planning, Language Role, Language Standardization, Language Usage, Mass Media, Monolingualism, Official Languages, Pidgins, Political Influences, Public Policy, Shona, Sociocultural Patterns
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Language/Area Reference Center.
Identifiers - Location: Zimbabwe