ERIC Number: ED247762
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Some Sociolinguistic and Discourse Analysis Considerations in Oral Proficiency Interviewing.
Clark, John L. D.
If sociolinguistics involves the specification and analysis of sociological, interpersonal, and pragmatic variables at issue in given language-use situations, and discourse anaysis is the observation and analysis of both linguistic and paralinguistic features of speech events within these situations, there are at least three areas in these combined fields crucial to the appropriate conduct and interpretation of interview-based testing. These include: (1) the physical setting, (2) the identity and characteristics of the interlocutors, and (3) the intended outcome of the communication, both topical and affective. In each of these areas, the oral proficiency interview in its present form has varying degrees of congruence with the real-life comunication situation. In some cases, specific improvements in the interviewing and/or rating process can be suggested. In others, it is possible at present only to identify the discrepancies as a basis for further research and development. For example, with regard to the communication setting, although it is impossible to reproduce in the interview a large variety of surroundings, the interpretive range of the interview can be broadened by studies comparing oral interview performance with real-world performance and by use of relevant "props" important to the communication. Role-playing exercises can be used to incorporate a wider variety of interlocutors. However, the issue of communication outcome is more complex and requires further study before it will be resolved in the oral interview process. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at a pre-conference session on "Analysis of Spoken Discourse" at the Georgetown University Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics (Washington, DC, March 11, 1982).