ERIC Number: ED247708
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Development of Perceptual Processes and Problem-Solving Activities in Normal, Hearing-Impaired, and Language-Disturbed Children: A Comparison Study Based on Piaget's Conceptual Framework.
A longitudinal study followed perceptual and problem solving skill development in children (2-11 years old) with severe problems of oral and written language acquisition: 15 hearing impaired (HI) Ss; 11 children with a hearing loss that alone did not account for their language problem, who presented in addition so-called "learning problems" (HIL group); and the children with normal hearing and no motor disability or retardation that would account for the language problems (L group). Data indicated that HI Ss developed like normal controls in nonverbal developmental performance which did not include the use of auditory communication. In tasks of successive pattern recognition and form recognition, normal Ss improved from 3-14 years for both tasks. HI Ss performed like the normal Ss except for poorer scores on the most complex successive patterns at older ages. Modality condition effects were observable in HIL and L Ss, confirming the original criteria for forming the three subgroups: forms were recognized better in the visual, but not the tactile condition of tactile-visual one at all age levels. Complex successive patterns were failed in all modality conditions. Seriation problems were presented under different modality conditions: visual, visual-tactile, and tactile. An increase in task success was found in normal and HI Ss, 3-12 years old, and modality condition affected performance. Analysis of problem solving activities revealed an increase with age in normal and HI children, except for HI Ss at young age who showed lower performance in evaluative activities. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Contained in: International Symposium on Cognition, Education, and Deafness (Washington, DC, June 5-8, 1984). Working Papers. Volumes I and II. David S. Martin, Ed.