ERIC Number: ED247707
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jun
Use of Verbal and Non-Verbal Control Techniques by Mothers of Hearing-Impaired Infants.
Hyde, Merv; And Others
The interaction of 12 hearing-impaired children (13-16 months old) and their caregivers was examined. Videotapes of mother-child interactions were recorded during play with a range of toys. Analysis focused on mothers' attention controls, action controls, prohibitives, imperatives, and interrogatives as well as nonverbal controls. Results revealed that mothers' verbal controls were more likely to be related to an initiative taken by the mother than to one taken by the child. This compared to previous data showing mothers of hearing children follow an initiative taken by their infants more than 60% of the time. There was no significant difference between the incidence of maternal initiation of attention versus child initiation for either age group (15 months or 25 months). Mothers of the older group, however, spent less time attempting to gain the attention of their children. Grammatical analysis revealed no significant difference between mothers' language addressed to younger or older children. Examination of nonverbal control techniques revealed that mothers were more directive than prohibitive for both age groups and that mothers of both age groups used more manipulative controls than gestures. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at a Seminar on Early Intervention for Young Hearing-Impaired Children (Mt. Gravatt, Queensland, Australia, June 15-16, 1981). For the proceedings, see EC 170 057.