ERIC Number: ED247661
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Longer School Years: Reform or Illusion? Policy Studies in Education.
Smith, Edward C.
The advantages and disadvantages of the year-round school fall into three major categories: financial, educational, and professional. Financial advantages are based on the postponement of construction costs and the use of existing school facilities and equipment to serve a larger number of students. Financial disadvantages include a rise in operational and maintenance costs, facility remodeling, and startup money required for the conversion to a year-round program. Educational advantages include acceleration of advanced students and remediation for the slow learner, and the employment of more male teachers. However, the shorter terms necessitated by extending the year may lead to impersonal student-teacher relations. Professional disputes will arise over methods of determining teacher salaries for additional teaching time. In opposition to lengthening the school day and school year, the American Federation of Teachers states that schools should use the time they currently have more effectively. Analyses of previous studies have found the effects of time measures on student achievement to be weak. To improve our schools we should encourage students to do more and better school work at home under the supervision and support of parents. (MLF)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Extended School Day, Extended School Year, Family Environment, Family School Relationship, Home Study, School Effectiveness, Time Factors (Learning), Time on Task
Publications Sales, Learn, Inc., 655 15th Street, N.W., Suite 310, Washington, DC 20005 ($3.00; quantity discounts).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Learn, Inc., The Education Foundation, Washington, DC.