ERIC Number: ED247630
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Interpersonal Sensitivity, Communication Encounters, Communicative Responsiveness, and Gender.
Hughey, Jim D.
A study examined the extent of the role communication encounters play in helping people make accurate predictions about others, and what types of communicators (in terms of communicative reponsiveness and gender) seem to profit most from interaction with the subject of prediction prior to making predictions. Subjects, 118 college students, completed an inventory that categorized each student as Mastery Responsive (opts to influence others), Flexible Responsive (adapts with conversation), or Neutral Responsive (detaches from the conversation). Each then made predictions about other students enrolled in the same course. The predictions were made either after an encounter with the subject of prediction, or without such an encounter. Data analysis showed significant, but not large, gains in predictive accuracy following a communication encounter. Neutral Responsives gained the most from the encounters. Females did a better job of predicting in same-sex dyads, and males gained most in mixed-sex ones. The results can be interpreted in terms of a task/maintenance/likeness-bias theory of interpersonal sensitivity, which would account for the low-to-moderate and somewhat bizarre relationships reported in the sensitivity/communication literature. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (69th, Washington, DC, November 10-13, 1983).