ERIC Number: ED247528
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Recent Research on Independent Learning Strategies: Implications for Developmental Education.
Simpson, Michele L.
Forum for Reading, v15 n1 p22-28 Fall-Win 1983
Researchers are concluding that high school and college students do not have a well-balanced repertoire of effective independent learning strategies. Another line of research has focused upon the question of the "process" or the "how" underlying such learning strategies. Three insights from this research are pertinent to developmental educators. First, there is no superior learning strategy. So long as a study strategy requires the student to attend, interact, reconstruct, and elaborate upon the underlying meaning of the text, subsequent learning is generally enhanced. Second, studying is an interactive process. Students cannot be taught to study "in general" or from a general context. If they are to become successful independent learners, they must be taught how to analyze the variables that interact to affect their performances, including (1) task characteristics, (2) text characteristics, (3) learner characteristics, and (4) learner processes and strategies. Third, students cannot control or regulate the strategies. Studies suggest that no one has ever explained to students during the instructional process the real significance of the targeted strategy, or informed them about the "when,""where," and "how" in implementing each strategy. The teacher's task then is to provide not only the opportunity for students to work independently, but also to provide sufficient guidance, input, and feedback by which to develop self-regulatory ability to accompany their efforts. (HTH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: "Forum for Reading" is the journal of the College Reading Improvement, a Special Interest Group of the International Reading Association.