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ERIC Number: ED247516
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Anxiety, Arousability and Neuroticism.
El-Zahhar, Nabil; Hocevar, Dennis
With the availability of so many definitions of and assessment devices for anxiety, researchers have stressed that the dimensionality of anxiety needs further investigation. To examine the dimensionality of three components of anxiety (trait anxiety, arousability, and neuroticism) two studies were conducted. In the first study, 123 high school students completed the Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI), which measures neuroticism, and Mehrabian's measure of stimulus screening (arousability). Factor analysis showed that arousability comprised two factors: emotionality and arousability. In the second study, 143 high school students (63 males, 83 females) completed an inventory that measured four factors: neuroticism, arousability, emotionality, and anxiety. The 60 assessment items were compiled from the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger, 1970), the EPI, and Mehrabian's measure. An analysis of the results showed a high correlation between two of the factors, (neuroticism and emotionality), and therefore yielded a three-factor model of anxiety, encompassing neuroticism/emotionality, anxiety, and arousability. The results support the discriminant validity of the three constructs. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A