ERIC Number: ED247507
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: 0
Test Anxiety and Causal Attributions Following Success and Failure in an Achievement Situation.
Rapaport, Ross J.
High-test-anxious individuals have been found to perform less well on cognitive tasks than others of comparable ability. To investigate the relationship between test anxiety and causal attributions following success and failure in an achievement situation, 200 introductory psychology students completed the Test Anxiety Scale (TAS) and were randomly assigned to a success or failure condition involving an anagram task. Analysis of results showed that test anxiety was significantly correlated with items constructed to measure causal attributions. High-test-anxious subjects believed that when they failed, they did so because of a general lack of ability. Regardless of condition, high-test-anxious subjects attributed their performance to finding most tasks difficult. They reported that their performance was caused by exerting more effort following failure, bad luck following success, being in worse moods after success, and experiencing more time pressure. Thus, negative cognitive and emotional components, in addition to worry, off-task thinking, and emotional arousal, appear characteristic of the high-test-anxious person's experience. The findings suggest that test anxiety also includes a tendency to personalize failure, minimize success, and in general to experience testing situations negatively. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (55th, Chicago, IL, May 3-5, 1984). This research is part of the author's doctoral dissertation.