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ERIC Number: ED247099
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
National Patterns of Science and Technology Resources 1984.
Chirichiello, John; Crowley, Michael
The National Science Foundation, in attempting to monitor the health of United States science and technology, assembles and analyzes comprehensive measures of the financial and human resources that government, industry, academia, and other nonprofit institutions devote to scientific and technological activities. This annual report presents a concise but comprehensive summary of this type of science and technical information. Areas considered related to national perspectives of research and development (R&D) resources are: the R&D effort and the national economy; R&D performance; R&D by national objective; the R&D and gross national product (GNP) ratio; basic research, applied research, and development; and international comparisons. Areas considered related to science and engineering (SE) personnel are: employment trends; SE labor market balance; sectoral patterns and trends; doctoral scientists and engineers; women and minorities; and the SE pipeline. Included are 21 charts, 87 detailed statistical tables, and a summary of major findings (including those indicating that business and industry is the largest employer of both scientists and engineers, that women and minorities continue to be underrepresented in SE, and that the four major economic sectors spent an estimated $88 billion on R&D activities in 1983). (JN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.