ERIC Number: ED246747
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Black College Students and Factors Influencing Their Major Field Choice.
Thomas, Gail E.
The choice of college major by black college students was studied in 1982, and various theories about the choice of major were evaluated. The study group consisted of 2,090 college juniors and seniors attending eight four-year colleges that were primarily located in the South Atlantic region. Five of the institutions were predominantly black and three were predominantly white. Students completed a questionnaire that covered their early childhood, family, elementary and secondary school experiences, educational and occupational values and expectations, and major field choice and changes in major. While 13 majors were selected by the study population, for purposes of regression analysis, college major was tabulated as either (1) biological, natural, and technical sciences or (2) business and economics, or (3) education, social work, nursing, social sciences, and other. The findings suggest that choosing a college major is a process for most black students that begins long before the point of college entry. Black students' choice of a college major was primarily influenced by subjective factors, once family background and more objective factors were taken into consideration. The status of sex, occupational expectations, and career interests were the most important influences for the selection of a major. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Black Students, College Students, Decision Making, Educational Background, Family Characteristics, Higher Education, Majors (Students), Occupational Aspiration, Predictor Variables, Role Models, Student Characteristics
Southern Education Foundation, 811 Cypress Street, N.E., Atlanta, GA 30308 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Education Foundation, Atlanta, GA.
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