ERIC Number: ED246663
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr-13
Reference Count: 0
Helping the Older Adult to Succeed in the ESL Classroom.
Hedge, Dick; And Others
Special problems of adult language learners aged 50 and older studying English as a second language include physical, social, and psychological factors. Physical factors related to aging include vision and hearing problems that adults may not be willing to admit to. Older adults may also be more sensitive to room temperature and lighting, and may need more frequent breaks. Social factors affecting language learning and participation include adults' willingness to share their own experiences, personal biases or sensitivity to cultural comments, reaction to the American style of teaching, expectations of the student-teacher relationship (especially after many years away from formal education), and a preference for a more self-directed learning style. Psychological factors related to age include a lower dependence on short-term memory and lower recall capacity, greater dependence on the relevance of information, anxiety, and unfamiliarity with classroom behavior. Visual aids, hands-on activities, frequent in-class review, careful spacing and pacing, and task-oriented activities as well as teacher sensitivity to the individual adults can help alleviate these problems. (MSE)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the California Association of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (San Jose, CA, April 13, 1984).