ERIC Number: ED246413
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Contextual Effects across the Lifespan.
Byrd, Diana; And Others
Sixteen third grade students, 16 college students, and 16 older adults performed a lexical decision (word-nonword) task to determine age-related differences in the magnitude of contextual priming effects. Context length and target quality (intact versus degraded) were within subject manipulations. A significant Age X Context Length X Target-Quality interaction indicated changes in the magnitude of context and masking effects across the lifespan. Follow-up tests suggested that age-related differences in the magnitude of context effects could not be explained solely by age related differences in bottom-up processes (encoding), and that the efficiency of top-down processes (conscious memory search mechanisms) must also be considered. Covariate analyses, in which reaction times from simple decision tasks were used as covariates, suggested several loci for the revealed differences in context effects. (Author/MM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association (New Orleans, LA, April 19-21, 1984).