ERIC Number: ED246368
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Changes in Female Career Goals and Attitudes during College.
Walker, Alice A.
Research has indicated that female models are important for female college students in their career decisions. To examine the effect of female role models on the career choices of college females, 57 freshmen students were provided with role models through interaction with female faculty advisers, and through exposure to female career women in a course on career exploration. A control group (N=34) did not receive the interaction experiences. After the first and fourth years of college, subjects completed the Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory, the Attitudes Toward Women Scale, the Life Style Index, and the Occupational Status Inventory. Data were also collected on career goals and influential persons during their college years. An analysis of the results (response rate of 59%) showed significant increases in scores on all measures for both groups, with no signficant differences between the two groups. Approximately 40% of the students made major changes in their career goals. Some were still undecided at the end of four years. When asked who was most influential in their career choices, students named fathers almost as often as mothers. Students in the treatment group were more likely than those in the control group to name females as role models. The findings suggest that although the subjects underwent attitudinal changes in their college years, none of the changes could be attributed to the intervention, but rather to a normal developmental process. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Baltimore, MD, April 12-15, 1984).