ERIC Number: ED246342
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Nontraditional Males: Familial Background, Life Satisfaction, and Personality Characteristics.
Rosenwasser, Shirley Miller; Patterson, William
Research indicates that the family roles of men are slowly changing, with a small minority of those sampled having primary childcare/household duties. To examine the background, life satisfaction, motives, and personality traits of such men, 16 married, male adults, whose wives were employed outside the home, and who had over 50% of the responsibility for childcare and household tasks, were interviewed. Subjects also completed the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) and the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI). An analysis of the responses showed that the most frequent reasons for their current lifestyle were the changed economy, a return to school, or wives starting work. Most, but not all, wives had positive reactions to the role change. Being with the children and influencing their development was the most frequently cited positive aspect of the nontraditional role, with housework the most frequently cited "worst" aspect. Thirty-six percent of these men were categorized as androgynous on the BSRI. They scored significantly higher than the CPI norm on the dominance, social presence, self-acceptance, and flexibility scales, and significantly lower on the sense of well being, responsibility, socialization, self-control, and good impression scales. The findings indicate these men were happy in their role choice and would recommend it to others. (MCF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association (30th, New Orleans, LA, April 19-21, 1984).